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From WEB 1.0 to 5.0

From Web 1.0 to 5.0 in business

  1. Since October 2020 I have been teaching many subjects related to ICT in 3 Polish universities and one college.
  2. During activities as a professor I have noticed that universities  try to implement web solutions in education.
  3. Still there is a lack of sufficient research on use web technology in business.

During the course on Web 2.0 Company,
I realized that Web technology can be an effective tool in international cooperation.

Past, current and future of the Web systems

Source: Own elaboration, Accessed [26 September 2022]


How does Web technology help companies?

Which CC models may be most useful in business?

Are there Web solutions available in Poland to  apply really fast and efficiently?

A model of the Innovative University


Source: Own elaboration, Accessed [26 September 2022]

Definition of Cloud Computing
  • – CC is a marketing term also known as a computing utility that delivers solutions in the pay-as-you-go model to consumers.
  • – Clouds of private, public, “dedicated” and hybrid solutions can be classified not only in terms of services offered, but also by their location.
  • – Colocation – one of the oldest services in the cloud to rent server space -provides secure hardware with the operating system software.
  • – Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) consists of providing a modern infrastructure, provided hardware, software and service.
  • – Platform as a Service (PaaS) – at the moment the least popular Cloud Computing service – is based on the fact that the provider supplies the client with a complete environment.
Cloud computing in business

This presentation provides a brief overview of the activities related to the issue of Cloud Computing in business in Poland, particularly in the context of Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), Software as a Service (SaaS) and Software as a way to reduce the cost of development and maintenance of IT systems. It also provides examples of solutions resulting from these activities, as well as their characterization, testing and analysis. It is important to note that, despite some benefits, CC systems are still in use in many universities. Furthermore, the author takes into account security issues in the context of CC. The main methods used for this study include interviews, observation and literature study on CC, but the most significant part of the work is a description of tests and research conducted on the available CC systems in Poland. The work also includes assumptions about the future development of CC models in Poland, especially in business.

Web 1.0 and 2.0

WEB 1.0

One of the unique characteristics of the Web 1.0 era was that it was a one-way communication. Content management on different websites was for all content creators with the right qualifications. The recipient took a passive stance. He could read the information posted, but he couldn’t expand on it, couldn’t comment on it.


The contemporary model can be grouped in one row with the models found in the traditional media, like the press, the radio and the television.


The term “one-way communication” simply means that the user has no control over what’s happening on the internet, what’s being published on the internet.



WEB 2.0

Web 2.0 is interactive, which means you can personalize your content and personalize your offers. Furthermore, the conversational nature of web 2.0, based on the flow of information, encourages them to go hand in hand.

Open communication, the ability to share and utilize information, and a global focus on the exchange of all content result in information derived from the individual experience of many users being presented in a form that is tailored to the specific needs of the user who asked the question.



More about Web 2.0

The second generation of the internet is also known as web 2.0. It refers to websites that were created after 2004 and use content created and/or co-created with their users. It uses new technologies to create and exchange information freely.

Web portals are interactive and allow users to co-create and co-administer their content, often without the owner’s involvement, and create personalized pages that can be shared with others.


Most of the web 2.0 activity is based on social networks, web apps, blogging, and vlogs.

Main features of Web 2.0 portals

The main features of Web 2.0 portals are also:

  • – the so-called network effect, allowing the acquisition of new users,
  • – increasing the range of information or product sales (the long tail),
  • – creating the value of web portals with the quality of information published by its users,
  • – integration of other websites and services,
  • – adjusting the operation of web portals or applications to the needs of their users (based on their previous online behavior),
  • – providing ready-made, easy-to-use tools and technologies for creating applications or websites, such as a platform for creating blogs

WordPress is a blogging platform by definition, but more and more people are using it as a CMS to create simple pages, business pages or even complete websites. Its main strength is its ease of use and user-friendliness. Even new Internet users, who are just starting to learn about this topic, will be able to understand the basics of how WordPress works.
One of the few fast, easy and free IT solutions.
A great tool for students working in international teams.
Hundreds of volunteer programmers around the world develop the WordPress engine.
Thousands of freelancers and web developers create new WordPress templates and plugins daily.

More than 100 million users choose WordPress to present “them” on the Internet.

Web 3.0 and 4.0

WEB 3.0

Web 3.0 apps are being built with semantic networks, AI or 3D graphics. These technologies are designed to make it easier, faster and more intuitive for users to access all network resources and websites.

Web 3.0 is set to introduce a standard that describes the content of pages in a way that software agents (called intelligent agents) will also understand. The Internet will become a searchable database, in other words, aggregating data from multiple independent sources.



WEB 4.0

The term “Web 4.0” is highly heterogeneous and can be interpreted in many different ways. Several definitions of the term have been proposed since 2009 by numerous authors, but there is no formal consensus on a definitive definition of the term. This is in contrast to previous widely accepted definitions of the term “Web 1.0”, “Web 2.0” and “Web 3.0”.


In this sense, we can say that the term “Web 4.0” encompasses a set of several dimensions. Each dimension offers a different, but at the same time, comprehensive view of the concept of web 4.0.


It is clear that applications like social networks and technologies like Internet of Things (IoT), Big Data, Artificial Intelligence and Machine-to-Machine Learning (M2M) play an important role in adopting and implementing Web 4.



Web 5.0

It is expected that the web of the future will be the web of the senses and the emotive web; the open, connected and intelligent web.


The web of the future is going to be based on the interaction (emotionally) between people (computers) and devices (people).


It will be like a personal assistant that is always on the move.


So, just like the web of the 4th generation, the web of the 5th generation is called the symbiotic web.


At present, the web is “emotionally” neutral, meaning that it doesn’t perceive the feelings or emotions of the user.


But the web of the 6th generation uses neurotechnology.


Neurotechnology allows us to interpret selected biometrics and read the emotions of the users. For example, web applications can change avatars’ faces in real time.

From Web 1.0 to 5.0 in business

Source: Own elaboration, Accessed [26 September 2022]

Framework of Web 4.0 tehnology in business

Source: Own elaboration, Accessed [26 September 2022]


Web solutions, Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), and Cloud Computing can bring many advantages to universities. SaaS is the most widely used model for efficient and fast CC implementation. Moving the system to the cloud is relatively easy and the financial benefits are almost instantaneous. Web systems tested in Poland is still in the initial stages of development. ICT, Web technology, and Cloud Computing can provide universities with many advantages. Thanks to Web technology, our students will have the opportunity to work in international teams. Topics that should be part of the curriculum include:

  • – Green Computing
    – he Internet of Things
    – The Green Internet of Things
    – Methods, tools and techniques used for remote company management
    – International business
    – Open Source solutions in ICT
    – Web technology (Web 2, 3, 4, 5.0)



Szpunar M. (2010), Nowe media a paradygmat kultury uczestnictwa, W: M. Graszewicz, J. Jastrzębski (red.), Teorie komunikacji i mediów 2. Oficyna Wydawnicza ATUT, Wrocław, s. 251-262.

Kotuła S. (2007), Web 2.0 – współczesny paradygmat Internetu, W: M. Sokołowski (red.), Oblicza Interne- tu: architektura komunikacyjna sieci. Wydawnictwo Państwowej Wyższej Szkoły Zawodowej w Elblągu, Elbląg, s. 181-188

Borzestowski, Marek., Nadchodzi Web 3.0, 2008, [Online], available at:,322916.html accessed 23.10.2019

Loretz, Carike., The World Wide Web – From Web 1.0 to Web 5.0, 2017, [Online], available at: accessed 23.10.2019

Almeida, Fernando., Concept and Dimensions of Web 4.0, 2017, [Online]. Available at: accessed 23.10.2019

Krol, Karol., Ewolucja World Wide Web – od Web 1.0 do Web 5.0, 2019, [Online], Available at accessed 23.10.2019

Aghaei, Sareh, Nematbakhsh Ali Mohammad  and Farsani Khosravi Hadi, Evolution of the World Wide Web : From Web 1.0 to Web 4.0, 2012, [Online], available at: accessed 23.10.2019

Choudhury, Nupur, World Wide Web and Its Journey from Web 1.0 to Web 4.0, 2014, [Online], available at: accessed 23.10.2019