The Internet of Things (IoT) has become a transformation technology for many fields today by creating design innovation with new digital and smart production technologies. Within the scope of the supply chain, the Internet of Things has a wide range of applications from industrial automation, health, building and home automation to transportation and utilities.
Industrial IoT or IIoTis one of the frequently used terms in the internet of things world. On the other hand, it also raises some questions: what is industrial IoT (IIoT)? How does IIoT work?
IIoT,It consists of internet-connected machines and advanced analytical platforms that process the data they produce. IIoT devices range from small environmental sensors to complex industrial robots. While the word “industry” may bring to mind warehouses, shipyards, and factory floors, IIoT technologies hold a lot of promise for industries as diverse as agriculture, healthcare, financial services, retail, and advertising.
IOT devices share the sensor data they collect by connecting them to an IOT gateway or other edge device from the cloud where the data is sent to the cloud for analysis or is analyzed locally. Sometimes, these devices communicate with other related devices and act on the information they receive from each other. Devices do most of the work without human intervention, but people can interact with devices. For example, setting them up, giving instructions or accessing data. The connectivity, networking, and communication protocols used with these web-enabled devices largely depend on the specific IoT applications deployed.
The Industrial Internet of Things is a subcategory of the Internet of Things, which also includes consumer-facing applications such as wearable devices, smart home technology, and self-driving cars. Sensor-embedded devices, machines and infrastructure that transmit data over the Internet and are managed by software are the hallmarks of both concepts.
Industrial IoT capabilities require widespread digitization of manufacturing operations. To operate as a fully IIoT-enabled operation, organizations must have:
IIoTcan create game-changing operational efficiencies and offer entirely new business models for any business involved in the manufacture and/or shipping of physical goods.
Combining IoT with existing industrial automation systems has many important advantages.
The best benefit of IIoT is that it allows manufacturers to automate and therefore optimize their operational efficiencies. Robotic and automated machines can operate more efficiently and accurately, increasing productivity and helping manufacturers streamline their functions.
Additionally, physical machines can be connected to software via sensors that continuously monitor performance. This allows manufacturers to better understand the operational performance of entire fleets as well as individual pieces of equipment. The lack of raw materials required for the production of the factory is quickly identified and eliminated. This information can be shared with distribution channels and customers
Industrial IoT makes it possible for manufacturers to digitize almost every part of their business. Intelligent production machines with IoT capability automatically communicate with each other over the network, controlling production and minimizing operator contribution. By reducing manual processes and inputs, manufacturers can reduce the biggest risk associated with manual labor, namely human error. This goes beyond mere operational and production errors. IIoT solutions can also reduce the likelihood of cyber and data breaches due to staff fault.
Mechanical and electrical failures can be predicted and downtime can be reduced, Factory managers can receive real-time information about production and failures from anywhere in the world.
All the data and sensors needed for a fully functioning IIoT manufacturing operation also help support workplace safety. All IIoT sensors also create an added advantage in terms of employee and workplace safety.
A newer option some manufacturers are using is the use of wearable technology among their employees. Wearable devices have been part of the IoT since the early days and are now frequently used in industrial IoT operations.
As you know, knowledge is power. The information provided to the manufacturing sector through IIoT solutions gives them the best tools they need to reduce costs and generate much more revenue. Data-driven insights into operations, production, marketing, sales and more can enable businesses to generate more profits.
All the above-mentioned benefits of IIoT will increase a manufacturer’s profits for good. Industrial IoT also provides insights for a manufacturing company’s leaders from anywhere, anytime.
The use of technologies such as RFID, Beacon in combination with IoT avoids the costly mistakes of legacy inventory tracking systems. Staff tasked with managing inventory can benefit from automated asset tracking and reporting. This connection allows tracking of items and automatic recording of data into the ERP system. Enabled through IoT connectivity and ERP, these performance management capabilities can help organizations reduce the number of working hours devoted to inventory management each month and reduce the likelihood of human error.
While there is no doubt that the Internet of Things has improved production on the factory floor; these technologies can also help create a safer work environment for employees. This could be in the form of vision and spatial awareness systems for human-machine interactions, or in the form of wearable safety technologies that your staff wear throughout the day.
IoT-connected devices can communicate with larger systems within, generate alarms, and notify personnel and authorities in case of too much vibration or temperature measurement from a machine, deviations such as pressure loss in pipelines, or gas leaks that cannot otherwise be detected by human perception. Personnel moving in hazardous parts of your facility can report a human being in close proximity to connected machinery and that appropriate action can be taken automatically. An employee who experiences an injury in a remote location of the facility or even off-site can receive care more quickly with the inclusion of IoT-connected safety equipment. These are just a few examples for manufacturers of how IoT can improve security in your facility.
Predictive maintenance identifies the condition of the equipment used and determines the optimum service interval. It saves time and money by performing maintenance only when necessary. The focus should now be on predictive maintenance rather than preventive maintenance. This is because longer run times are allowed between maintenance periods and create less downtime for machines. Combined with technologies like IoT for manufacturers, all data from vibration, voltage, temperature and other performance indicators are collected with IoT Gateways installed on machines. This information is interpreted by intelligent software solutions such as the IoT platform and visualized in the form of alarms and alerts. Your teams can use this information to assess the situation and take the most appropriate action. Smart and connected devices, helps to set data points that indicate a part has also reached end of life. Automated systems can schedule unplanned production downtime to minimize it.
If you don’t know yet, factories are responsible for most of the energy consumption worldwide. Proportionally, industrial production is responsible for consuming 54% of the electricity produced globally. This leads to very large operating costs. Fortunately for manufacturers, the IoT can significantly improve energy efficiency in a number of ways. Initially, administrators can easily identify the hardware and devices that use the most energy. This information can be used to create advanced operating profiles that tell machines when to power up and start, or shut down and save energy. Systems that consume too much or too much power can indicate a malfunction. The IoT Platform can immediately identify these anomalies and quickly report problems to those concerned. This feature It ensures that the machines work at the highest efficiency and capacity without consuming resources unnecessarily. Beyond that, the IoT system can provide you with the energy profile of your entire facility or multiple facilities. The data can then be used to create optimal and efficient backup systems to ensure that operations continue smoothly despite adverse environmental factors. As a result, you can continue to work to tight deadlines and production schedules despite interruptions. The data can then be used to create optimal and efficient backup systems to ensure that operations continue smoothly despite adverse environmental factors. As a result, you can continue to work to tight deadlines and production schedules despite interruptions. The data can then be used to create optimal and efficient backup systems to ensure that operations continue smoothly despite adverse environmental factors. As a result, you can continue to work to tight deadlines and production schedules despite interruptions.
The Internet of Things is based on the logic of remotely controlling and analyzing data by connecting devices to each other with the help of various sensors and microcontrollers. Devices that communicate with various sensors by sensing each other and the external environment; It can continuously collect data in factories, cities, schools, homes and the environment, creating a large information warehouse. IoT devices become devices that can be controlled over the internet by analyzing the data contained in this information store. With the remote sensing and analysis feature of the internet of things, various applications are encountered in many areas. IoT applications are used in health, smart cities, smart energy systems, logistics, agriculture and many other sectors. IoT devices detect the surrounding data through sensors, it communicates with other objects by establishing a network, creates a large data field by storing the data they collect. IoT devices enable this information to be analyzed and use this data and services in cloud systems. Thanks to all these features, the concept of IoT has started to be used in industrial applications. The first usage examples of IoT devices in the industry have been with RFID devices. The production network in the factories has been systematically connected with RFID readers, and the data has been tracked with RFID from the raw material input to the final product output. In this way, both product safety and process convenience were ensured by easily following the production stages. IoT devices enable this information to be analyzed and use this data and services in cloud systems. Thanks to all these features, the concept of IoT has started to be used in industrial applications. The first usage examples of IoT devices in the industry have been with RFID devices. The production network in the factories has been systematically connected with RFID readers, and the data has been tracked with RFID from the raw material input to the final product output. In this way, both product safety and process convenience were ensured by easily following the production stages. IoT devices enable this information to be analyzed and use this data and services in cloud systems. Thanks to all these features, the concept of IoT has started to be used in industrial applications. The first usage examples of IoT devices in the industry have been with RFID devices. The production network in the factories has been systematically connected with RFID readers, and the data has been tracked with RFID from the raw material input to the final product output. In this way, both product safety and process convenience were ensured by easily following the production stages. The production network in the factories has been systematically connected with RFID readers, and the data has been tracked with RFID from the raw material input to the final product output. In this way, both product safety and process convenience were ensured by easily following the production stages. The production network in the factories has been systematically connected with RFID readers, and the data has been tracked with RFID from the raw material input to the final product output. In this way, both product safety and process convenience were ensured by easily following the production stages.
IoT creates an infrastructure with wireless technology to reduce power consumption and cost in the electrical energy sector. Energy Some of the examples of the use of IoT in the industry; SCADA can be bundled as smart solution, building automation, smart grids and public lighting.
SCADA is one of the important application areas of the internet of things. SCADA, centralized monitoring and remoteproductionand control of transmission systems. This monitoring and control is done with actuators, controllers, communication devices and central unit. The data from the sensors is transmitted to the central station and controlled by the HMI interface, which is the human machine interface. Also, these data are stored as timestamps for later analysis of transactions.
Making traditional energy measurement systems smart with internet of things technology is one of the most important elements of smart grid applications. With IoT, smart meters help reduce operating costs by managing remote measurement operations. In addition, it provides periodic energy cost estimations, preventing energy theft and loss. These measurements can be controlled via IoT-based devices and mobile and web applications.
One of the IoT solutions is for smart lighting. Smart lightings are used in public areas as well as in homes. IP-based lights are among the sine qua non of smart cities. These smart public lightings can be controlled from the central control station and outdoor LED luminaires can be adjusted to the desired energy level.
As stated in the smart measurements section, smart grids provide communication between the supplier and the consumer. The most important components of these networks are smart meters. Smart grids enable better use of available energy supply based on optimizing electricity generation and distribution load demand. Transformer automation is provided according to supply, by effectively coordinating the system for a good power distribution, especially during peak hours of consumption. Planning is done with online communication in the production of missing or excess production between production stations.
With smart measurement, customer satisfaction is ensured and consumer billing process is implemented efficiently. In addition, the current load data is collected to determine the regional electricity consumption and the precautions to be taken in accordance with the consumption can be decided in advance.
This is the industry where most IIoT technologies are applied. IIoT-enabled machines can monitor and predict potential problems themselves. This means less downtime and greater overall efficiency. The clearest example of the internet of things in production is in the management of facilities where such processes are carried out. Many steps in management processes can be automated with this technology. This not only enables the machines to work more efficiently, but also helps to consume less energy and, accordingly, to reduce costs.
Since this technology can monitor and analyze every moment of the production process in detail, it also significantly increases the quality of the end product. Because in this way, the disruptions experienced in the process are easily detected; Necessary adjustments and corrections are made as soon as possible.
The activity of IoT devices is based on various sensors. These can track everything from shipping time to temperature to which business processes the food and when. These sensors can be anything from drones to smart thermometers to radio frequency identification (RFID) and GPS. In essence, they help eliminate human error from every point in the supply chain.
Cold Chain Monitoring is a solution that allows the freshness of perishable foods, all medicines and vaccines to be monitored in the storage environment, during shipment and at the destination. The temperature of the shipped products is measured during the transportation and if the product is exposed to an undesirable situation, an alarm is generated to ensure the protection of the cold chain.
With sensor-managed inventory, IIoT technology could take care of ordering just before they ran out of stock. This reduces the amount of waste produced while keeping essential goods in stock and frees workers to focus on other tasks.
IIoT technology can make building management easier and safer. With sensor-driven climate control, the guesswork and frustration of manually changing a building’s climate will be eliminated. In addition, devices that monitor entry points in the building and respond quickly to potential threats will increase the security of the building.
Developments in information, communication and internet technologies contribute to the development of medical information systems. With the convergence of medicine and information technologies, health services are in a position to enter the transformation process. As a result of this convergence, developments such as decreasing costs, decreasing inefficiencies and, most importantly, prolonging life expectancy in health services have been achieved. The Internet of Things has many remarkable effects within the healthcare industry. The Internet of Things provides important applications such as remote health monitoring, fitness programs, chronic diseases and elderly care. In addition, home treatment and drug compliance is another important practice for healthcare professionals. In this case, various medical devices, sensors, diagnostic and imaging devices,
With a developed wearable heart rhythm analysis device, the patient’s heart rate and other information are automatically recorded by the sensors. Heart rate information provides a continuous flow of information to the mobile application on the patient’s and doctor’s mobile phone. If there is an abnormality in the heartbeat, the doctor and the patient are informed thanks to the notifications. In case of anomalies that may reach the level of life-threatening, the system automatically informs the health institutions by calling them. The patient’s life is organized by analyzing the patient’s heart data.
IIoTtechnology has the potential to make fast, smart marketing decisions for individual stores. With the showcase automatically updated based on consumer interest and its ability to combine smart promotions, retail stores using IIoT technology can gain a significant advantage over their competitors.
Internet of Things and marketing are two topics that can be considered together. Because this technologymarketing automationIt is very functional for the establishment of structures called as Thanks to this system, where, when, how and to whom a company sells its products can be tracked. In the light of the data provided by this follow-up, people in managerial positions have the opportunity to make more effective decisions about marketing activities. This, in turn, raises the level of success of the company in general. In addition, these systems, also called marketing 5.0, enable the automatic execution of after-sales processes. Thus, the conversion process of a potential customer into a loyal customer is controlled from the first point to the last.
Internet of things, logistics management It also makes processes much more efficient. With such systems established, the entire supply chain can be monitored and managed much more easily. Because in this way, it is possible to monitor where and in what condition the vehicle with any goods is in at that time. In addition, it is possible to take action to prevent possible problems when necessary. In other words, the Internet of Things is a very useful technology in terms of logistics.
The same warehouse management also applies to With the automation systems built on this technology, many details such as the current occupancy rate of the warehouses can be easily kept under surveillance. When we approach the subject in terms of transportation, it can be said that the internet of things is extremely effective in tracking company fleets.
During the realization of requests such as vehicle tracking, preventing delays, reducing costs, maintaining cargo quality, monitoring inventory, tracking shipping steps, reducing hardware errors, and solving problems in delivery; by enabling the owned equipment and personnel to communicate with each other; can enable the work to be carried out quickly and efficiently.
The increasing population at the global level is driving the change towards smart agricultural practices. This makes food security a major concern for most countries, with reduced natural resources, limited availability of arable land, and an increase in unpredictable weather conditions. As a result, Internet of Things (IoT) and Data Analytics (DA) are used to increase operational efficiency and productivity in the agricultural sector. It combines existing technologies such as IoT, Wireless Sensor Network (WSN), radio frequency identification, cloud computing, middleware systems, and end-user applications.
New smart farming applications based on IoT technologies will enable the agriculture industry to reduce waste and increase productivity, from optimizing fertilizer use to increasing the efficiency of farm vehicle routes.
In crop farming, there are several environmental factors that affect crop yield. Rainfall density, leaf moisture, temperature, greenhouse humidity, soil moisture, salinity, climate, solar radiation, pest disturbance, human activities, etc. The data helps to understand plant growth patterns and processes. Thanks to these data, the product grown will be of higher quality and more.
Progressive uses of IoT in agriculture are influential prospects for forward-thinking activities that increase output and output. at the same time, to improve food safety and distribution. From water management to crop and livestock monitoring, sensors, modules, and gateways work collaboratively to deliver precise real-time information that is collected and analyzed for more informed decisions. cost verification and rationalized regulatory compliance.
Example: With a smart greenhouse installed, the temperature of the agricultural products to be produced is recorded and monitored. If the temperature needs to increase, the system automatically increases the degree of heat emitters. If the temperature is too high in the environment, it activates the ventilation system. The moisture content of the soil and the produced product is detected by sensors and irrigated automatically. In addition, the system has been fully automated by spraying with agricultural drone devices. Thus, products are produced healthier and more efficient.
Image: Internet of Things Usage in Logistics Converted from (“How The İnternet of Things (IoT) is Revolutionizing Logistics Management”,2016)